Embalse de Calamuchita

La ciudad de Embalse forma parte del Valle de Calamuchita, en  la provincia de Córdoba. Está ubicada a 110 kilómetros hacia el sur de la capital provincial y es el principal centro urbano, político y económico del departamento.

Su nombre e identidad se originan en la construcción del mayor espejo de agua de la provincia: un enorme dique  50 metros de alto y 360 metros de largo cuya piedra fundante fue colocada el día 10 diciembre de 1911 en la Quebrada del Río Tercero. Por la importancia de este hecho, esta fecha fue estipulada como el momento de fundación de la ciudad.

A pocos KM de Embalse puede visitar Villa Rumipal y Villa del Dique

El dique fue inicialmente un proyecto de la empresa inglesa que construía tramos del Ferrocarril Central Argentino para contener las aguas del río Ctalamochita que año a año arrasaban con las vías. Por problemas en la primera guerra mundial, el proyecto fue abandonado en 1914 y retomado en 1927 por los ingenieros Juan Carlos Alba Posse y Santiago Enrique Fitz Simón, que lograron su concreción. De aquel primer proyecto aún se conservan las sub-usinas,  en una de las cuales funciona  el actual Museo Municipal.


La imponente obra, construida entre 1927 y 1936, se compone de un dique principal construido en roca granítica, la torre chica que en el extremo inferior posee un túnel que se utilizó para el desvío del caudal del río mientras se realizaba el paredón del dique, la torre grande de 40 metros de altura que toma el agua para la usina hidroeléctrica y el vertedero de 300 metros de largo que actúa como canal evacuador y brinda además un espectáculo de gran belleza cuando el agua del dique rebalsa. También un dique auxiliar o muro de tierra de 900 metros de largo y que fue construido para solucionar una depresión en el terreno.

Esta ciudad, que creció impulsada por el enorme proyecto energético nacional, constituye, además, la casa de los aborígenes comechingones, quienes fueron los primeros habitantes de estas tierras. Su legado quedó plasmado en una sala del Museo Municipal Juan Carlos Alba Posse.



¿Qué hacer en Embalse de Calamuchita?

Lago del Embalse Río Tercero

El gran Lago que conforma el majestuoso Embalse Río Tercero es uno de los más grandes de la Provincia de Córdoba. Sus 5.600 hectáreas de superficie reciben las aguas de los ríos Santa Rosa, Grande, Amboy, Quilinzo y La Cruz, todos vienen deslizándose en sinuosos hilos cristalinos desde las Sierras Grandes. Conocido por su irresistible atractivo estival y recreativo, resulta ideal para la práctica de un sinfín de deportes náuticos, pero además cumple un rol fundamental en el desarrollo energético de la provincia y el país. Sus multiples centrales hidroeléctricas (Ingeniero Fitz Simon, Ingeniero Carlos Cassaffouth e Ingeniero Benjamín Reolín), realizan un aporte de energía considerable que se suma al de la Central Nuclear de Embalse.

Central Nuclear Embalse

Se encuentra sobre el Embalse del Río Tercero. El establecimiento generador de energía funciona desde la década de 1970. Produce entre el 7 y el 10 % de la demanda energética del país, aportando al Sistema Interconectado Nacional y que se redistribuye al Noroeste, Cuyo, Rosario y Buenos Aires.
La Segunda Usina de la Central fue construida entre 1946 y 1954. Bajo el nombre del Ingeniero Cassaffousth, la instalación expone los tubos que conducen el agua del río Ctalamochita a través de la montaña. La Tercera Usina, edificada en 1967 y denominada Ingeniero Benjamín Roelín, completa el sistema hidroeléctrico.

Museo Municipal de la Energía

El Museo de la Energía fue inaugurado en 1995 con el objeto de rescatar, recopilar y transmitir la historia de la construcción del sistema hídrico Embalse Río Tercero y su entorno geográfico. Se constituye básicamente por dos salas de exposición permanente: la de Arqueología, que conserva piezas antiguas como puntas de flechas, morteros, cananas, urnas funerarias y otros elementos representativos del pasado cultural doméstico y criollo; y la de Energía, que exhibe medidores, fotografías y recortes referentes a la construcción del dique y el ambiente que lo rodea, ya que el museo se ubica en lo que fuera la primer subusina originaria de 1914.



Dique Río Tercero

Considerado uno de los más importantes de Sudamérica, este dique fue construido en la Quebrada del Río Tercero según el proyecto de los ingenieros Posse y Fitz Simon e inaugurado en 1930. Sus dimensiones describen 58m de altura, 125m de longitud y 730 millones de metros cúbicos de capacidad.

El Hongo en Embalse

Se trata de una estructura de granito cuya forma remite a la imagen de un hongo. Se encuentra a 1 kilómetro de la Segunda Usina Ingeniero Cassafousth. La escultura cuenta con aproximadamente 3 metros de altura. Resultante de un proceso de erosión realizado por el viento y el agua, la piedra fue descubierta en el año 1897. A esta obra artística natural la rodean una variedad de especies vegetales que le dan un matiz diferente al lugar.

Gruta de San Martín de Porres

Colmada de lugares apasionantes y admirables, la localidad de Embalse cuenta con sitios únicos que regalan las mejores vistas panorámicas de la zona. Llegando al barrio Las Casitas, ubicado sobre uno de los cerros, el visitante podrá acceder a través de una escalinata a la Gruta de San Martín de Porres. Este homenaje al patrono fue realizado por los obreros que construyeron el dique y el barrio. Desde allí el visitante podrá deleitarse con imágenes encantadoras de los paisajes serranos, que sólo se pueden disfrutar una vez arribada la cima.



Cerro Pistarini, Embalse

Uno de los sitios imperdibles para quienes deseen encontrarse con la belleza majestuosa que rodea a la localidad de Embalse es el Cerro Pistarini: tomando un camino que se sumerge directamente entre la descomunal naturaleza cordobesa, atravesando la fresca vegetación y regalando a los oídos el trinar de las aves, la cima no es un objetivo difícil de alcanzar. Una vez en la cumbre, el visitante se encontrará con el mirador y bancos que lo esperan para descansar: a partir de allí la contemplación de las aguas azules del lago; las ondulaciones de las sierras; y las imágenes de la ciudad será una actividad emocionante.

Parroquia Nuestra Señora de Loreto

Su edificación concluyó el 20 de julio de 1986 originándose en ella el tradicional Festival de la Fe y el Folklore que se realiza en Embalse cada mes de enero, atrayendo una significativa cantidad de visitantes.

Casino de Embalse

Inaugurado en 1984, remodelado, ampliado y modernizado en 2007, el casino de la ciudad de Embalse tiene una capacidad para 2500 personas. Dispone de muchos juegos, como black jack, ruleta, ruleta electrónica, póker mediterráneo, poker Texas Hold´m, punto y banca, numerosas máquinas slots y craps.


Anecdotas de viajeros sobre Embalse de Calamuchita


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